Russia spans from the Eastern plains of Europe to the Orientals of Asia . The country covers 17,075,400 square kilomteres, making it the largest country in the world. The official language is Russian, although there are some 100 languages spoken among the 160 ethnic groups registered to be living within Russian borders. This makes Russia an incredibly diverse country, with no one culture to guide your expectations.
Russian higher education is most famous for its superiority within the areas of science and research. It is said that over one quarter of the world’s scientific literature is published in Russian - a surprisingly uniform language despite its enormous spread across country and peoples. It is also one of the six official languages of the United Nations.
Russian Education System
The Russian Education system is largely based on the central European system, and quite similar in its structure. The system is split into four major parts – primary, secondary, higher and postgraduate education. Although the names broadly correspond to the same education types as elsewhere, there are some differences.
Secondary education in Russia is completed in 11 years instead of 12 as in many other countries. Year one to nine are obligatory. After that each student can choose one of several ways to move forward. The certificate of Basic General Education received after year nine can lead on to two more years at secondary school, which gives a Certificate of Complete Secondary Education which in turn makes the student eligible for entry into higher education. Another alternative is to pursue an associate degree at a tradesman school or college lasting three years and generally leading directly on to work .
Russian Higher Education
There are three basic kinds of higher education institutions in Russia. These are Universities, Academies and Institutes. Universities offer a wide spectrum of programs on all levels of education. Academies povide higher education at all levels and conduct a large amount of research – usually specialised in one branch such as science, art or architecture. Institutes are independent parts of universities or academies offering professional education programs.
Russia has more university graduates than any other country in Europe. This is largely due to the government financing all education and higher education including living expenses during the Soviet era. There are some 519 institutions of higher education and 48 universities in Russia. Russia has historically placed much emphasis on science and technology in educations, and most of the government run institutions are specialized within this area. This is also where Russian higher education has its best reputation. To complement these traditional Russian institutions, many private institutions of higher educations have been emerging, often providing education in those areas not traditionally in focus such as economics, business and law.